Technical Reports

1. Distribution and Early Breeding of Green-faced Parrotfinches (Erythrura viridifacies)

This report summarizes visual and specimen records of the authors’ encounters with the threatened Philippine-endemic Green-faced Parrotfinch (Erythrura viridifacies) during 3 separate species inventories in 2013 on Mindoro island. These represent the first records of the species on the island. Specimens obtained also suggest that the species breeds prior to attaining full definitive plumage.

This plan aims to serve as a guide to stakeholders in the management of Mt. Halcon as a biodiversity important site and as a culturally significant area.

Halcon2. Mt. Halcon Management Plan

This conservation and management plan of the Mt. Halcon Range in Oriental Mindoro province is the general output of the planning processes convened and facilitated jointly by the Provincial Government of Oriental Mindoro and the Mindoro Biodiversity Conservation Foundation, Inc. The provincial government issued Executive Order No. 47, entitled “An Executive Order Creating the Technical Working Group to Formulate the Mt. Halcon Conservation and Protection Plan, Defining its Functions and for Other Purposes.” The said EO provided a mandate for the different planning processes to proceed, and defined the framework for the development of this plan.

This plan aims to serve as a guide to stakeholders in the management of Mt. Halcon as a biodiversity important site and as a culturally significant area.

Naujan3. Naujan Lake National Park Site Assessment and Profile Updating

Naujan Lake National Park, 5th largest lake in the Philippines and has a total area of about 21,665 hectares. The lake supports vulnerable, endangered and critically endangered species and a population of migratory birds. In 1999, the lake was declared as the 1008th Ramsar site worldwide and 2nd Ramsar site in the Philippines.

Primary data gathered in 2011 in partnership with UPLB Museum of Natural History provided current information and used as main input in updating the management plan of the area by the Interim Protected Area Management Board (IPAMB) of the Naujan Lake and the DENRRegion IVB – MIMAROPA to enhance and strengthen the management of the national park.

Apo Reef4. Apo Reef Natural Park Rapid Site Assessment

Apo Reef Natural Park (ARNP) is managed by the Protected Area Management Board (PAMB) composed of local and national stakeholders and organized by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR). The implementer of the management is the Protected Area Supervising Unit based in the town proper of the municipality of Sablayan, Mindoro Occidental.

Anchored on the framework set by the NIPAS Act, active participation of local communities and other stakeholders is an essential element in the effective protected area management and sustainable resource utilization in the Natural Park. To achieve ARNP’s resource management and conservation objectives, it is therefore crucial for the PA managers to gain better appreciation and understanding of the diversity of stakeholders, their livelihood activities, resource use practices, and their dependence on the natural resources in ARNP. Hence, a rapid site assessment and profile updating of the socio-economic and cultural characteristics of the stakeholder communities and the institutional framework in the Apo Reef Natural Park (ARNP) was carried out from April to May 2014.

The biodiversity assessments in the ARNP were also conducted on April 2014 to establish and update the database on the biodiversity and health status of marine and terrestrial flora and fauna.

This report presents key findings on the physical, biological, social, economic, cultural, and institutional sectors of ARNP. The main objective of the assessment is to update and enrich knowledge and understanding about ARNP features in order to improve the management of the protected area, and thus increase chances of achieving sustainable resource use.

Apo Reef 25. Apo Reef Natural Park Ecotourism Management Plan 2015-2020

A major industry that has been utilizing the resources in Apo Reef is tourism. In fact, the major user-based funding source for the maintenance and management of the natural park comes from the park fees paid by the tourists that visit the area. It is a popular site for tourists, who bask in its fine white sand beaches, leisurely stroll along boardwalks within the mangrove area, or marvel at the extremely diverse coral species and other marine life that include sharks and sting rays (Libosada, unpublished).

However, there is an evident lack of a specific management plan that caters directly to sustainable tourism development and its related impacts. It should be noted that developing the ecotourism potential of the island is identified as one of the specific objectives indicated in the 2001 Apo Reef Management Plan.

Results of the biodiversity, socio-economic, cultural and institutional assessments conducted by MBCFI have been used to the development of the ARNP’s Ecotourism Management Plan.

Mt Calavite6. Mt. Calavite Wildlife Sanctuary Rapid Site Assessment

The Mount Calavite Wildlife Sanctuary, located in Paluan municipality, Occidental Mindoro province, was formerly declared as a game refuge and bird sanctuary, by virtue of Executive Order No. 9 on 28 January 1920. This declaration became the main basis of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources to work out for the proclamation of the MCWS as a protected area, under the wildlife sanctuary category, in accordance with the National Integrated Protected Areas Systems Act, or RA 7586. Presidential Proclamation No. 292, issued on 23 April 2000, declared the MCWS covering a total land area of 18,016.19 hectares. The Congress has still to enact a law that would finally establish MCWS as a final component of the NIPAS.

The Resource and Socio-Economic Assessment aims to establish the baseline information on the biodiversity status of the MCWS and determine possible conservation interventions that shall be initiated in the area. The Mindoro Biodiversity Conservation Foundation, Inc, with funding assistance from the Foundation for the Philippine Environment, implemented this RSEA in 2013. MBCFI identified MCWS as one of its priority project sites.

This is the Final Report of the RSEA, which includes the profile of MCWS in terms of its physical and geo-political characteristics; terrestrial biological resources, aquatic vertebrates and macro-invertebrates; socio-cultural and economic conditions; and the institutional arrangement and governance. This report also provides analysis on the different conditions prevailing in MCWS, and the corresponding recommendations in ensuring its protection and conservation as a protected area and at the same as one of the Key Biodiversity Areas of the Philippines.

CNA7. Conservation Needs Assessment – Physical Profile

Mindoro Island is considered as one of the top priority conservation areas both locally and internationally, requiring the need for immediate conservation interventions to protect and preserve the islands’ remaining habitats and important wildlife. The Mindoro Biodiversity Conservation Foundation, Inc. (MBCFI) was established to address the long-term conservation of Mindoro’s endemic wildlife and their natural habitats for the benefit of future generations of all peoples through its mandate to develop integrated biodiversity conservation and development programs, which include improved dissemination of knowledge, management practices and the active participation and collaboration of relevant stakeholders.

The conservation needs assessment of Mindoro Island was proposed to aid in decision-making and developing conservation interventions. This report focuses on the mapping and physical aspect of the conservation needs assessment.

MBCFI Program Thrusts8. MBCFI Program Thrusts 2010-2020

This program document of the Mindoro Biodiversity Conservation Foundation, Inc. covers a 10-year period commencing in January 2010. The development of this program is based on the results of the Conservation Needs Assessment and in consonance with the vision, mission, goals and objectives of the MBCFI. This shall serve as a management framework for MBCFI in developing and implementing specific conservation measures on its identified priority project sites in Mindoro.

In particular, this program document shall serve as a blueprint on what MBCFI would like to achieve in the next 10 years in Mindoro. This will also serve as a guide for MBCFI in developing specific project proposals and other marketing strategies to generate the necessary resources in implementing the different strategies and activities presented in this program document. Furthermore, MBCFI shall translate the different components of this program document into annual and work financial plan.

Spatial Analysis9. Spatial Analysis of Biophysical and Socio-Economic Variables in Support of Decision-Making on Conservation and Development Issues: A Case Study of Mindoro Island

The Mindoro Biodiversity Conservation Foundation, Inc. (MBCFI) was established to address the long-term conservation of Mindoro’s endemic wildlife and their natural habitats for the benefit of future generations of all people. Its mandate is to develop integrated biodiversity conservation and development programs, which include improved dissemination of knowledge, management practices, and the active participation and collaboration of relevant stakeholders.

This study was commissioned by MBCFI to gain a better understanding of competing development priorities in Mindoro, particularly mining and biodiversity conservation. The inputs from this study aims to support the formulation of an institutional position paper in relation to mining, which is envisioned to guide the strategic direction of MBCFI’s conservation work and initiatives in Mindoro.

Survey10. Island-wide Survey of Fauna & Flora and Field Inventory of Selected Sites for Priority Conservation

Results of these surveys are important for establishing the necessary baseline information in order to help protect the forest sites, and apply the needed conservation measures. Further knowledge on the ecology and distribution of various endemic and threatened taxa were determined, and were valuable to establishing a current status report for each important species. Among the most significant bird records made in 1998 to1999 were confirmed observations of the Mindoro hornbill, Mindoro bleeding-heart, scarlet-collared flowerpecker, black-hooded coucal, Mindoro colasisi, Mindoro blue-crowned racquet-tail, and spotted Imperial Pigeon.

Additional records derived from the surveys were able to identify immediate and projected scenarios concerning the status and distribution of important indicator species particularly for species being considered for conservation, whether their current status appears to be more threatened or otherwise.

The study is envisaged to the establishment of Mindoro Biodiversity Conservation Foundation, Inc. with funding support from Shell Philippines Exploration, B.V., operator of the Malampaya Natural Gas Project.